The Ralph M. Brown Act was passed in California in 1953 to ensure transparency in local legislative bodies’ decision-making process by requiring that:
- Agendas provide meeting details and a general description of topics to be discussed. Agendas are to be made available to the public at least 72 hours in advance of regularly scheduled meetings and 24 hours in advance of special meetings;
- All public meetings provide an opportunity for public comment; and
- Discussion of official business among a majority of the legislative body only be conducted at a properly noticed meeting.